The scent glands no longer serve the typical “marking” purpose that they once did; however, dogs still smell each others butts and each other’s potty in order to learn information about the other dog. This information comes from the scent glands on the rear end.
The scent glands are located just a hair lower than the 9 o’clock and 3 o’clock position just outside the butt opening of the dog.
Normally, the scent glands express a tiny amount of fluid during bowel movements. It is such a tiny amount it goes unnoticed by humans. When bowel movements are loose or a dog has diarrhea, the scent glands are much less likely to be expressed.
When the scent glands are not expressed, the fluid stays inside the gland and builds up to a point that an infection can occur. The fluid will become peanut butter like in consistency (as opposed to being more like water) and the gland will become inflamed and infected.
The first sign of gland impaction is that the area around the gland will swell up just slightly and turn a slight pink. The gland will be hard to the touch. The dog may start to walk abnormally, scoot her butt on the floor or lick the gland because this infection is very painful.
Next, the area of the infected gland will turn bright pink and the swelling will increase. The dog will have obvious difficulty walking normally, wil continue to scoot its butt on the floor and lick the gland.
WIthin a short period of time (usually 24-48 hours after the first onset of symptoms), the gland can become extremely swollen and purple! It resembles an enormous purple pimple!!! At this stage, a huge ball of puss has filled the gland and the puss is getting ready to break out of the gland. The 寵物飛機籠 dog will be in great pain and will have a difficult time navigating stairs. The dog may also be less likely to eat and drink.
At all times during the gland infection process, the dog is in a great amount of pain! It is very important that you get your dog to the vet as soon as you notice the start of an anal infection.
Once you bring your dog to the vet, the vet will either put your dog under anesthesia and lance the gland, drain the pus, rinse the infected gland with antibiotics or the vet will use specially applied pressure to drain the gland (if the dog has a smaller infection and the gland is able to be expressed).
The lancing should cost about $125 and the expression will cost about $50. In either case, the vet may or may not give your dog pain medication or an antibiotic. For a very bad infection, especially where lancing is involved, I highly recommend antibiotics and pain medication.
All of this time, expense and PAIN can be avoided with preventative maintenance by you – the owner.
Expressing uninfected glands is very simple. You should ask your vet to teach you how to do this.
This small, simple, quick and easy process can help your dog enormously. You will also save tons of money on vet bills!